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Hatchery Blog
Listing all posts with label American Livestock Breed Conserventory. Show all posts.
  1.  Spotlight Breed Of The Week Buckeyes
    Buckey Chickens


    In the late 1800's Nettie Metcalf, a housewife from Warren Ohio created a red chicken breed and appropriately named it Buckeyes after the state of Ohio. Buckeyes are unique in the American Class of chickens in that it is the only breed created entirely by a woman and officially accepted into the American Poultry Association in 1904. The industry was dominated by very influential businessmen heavily invested in the new Rhode Island Red breed and they did everything in their power to oust the Buckeye breed. Their attempts to do so failed. However, somehow the breed disappeared from the records of the American Poultry Association standards around 1915. It’s unclear how or even why that happened but the breed reappears around the mid to late 1930’s again as a recognized breed. However, like many other things, the great depression had an impact on the Buckeye breed and it nearly faded into obscurity. This breed is still considered quite rare but in the last couple of years, they have been upgraded from the threatened list to the watch list by the American Livestock Breeds Conservancy.

    The Buckeye is the only purely American breed to sport a pea comb, and this, combined with its stocky build, makes it a supremely cold-hardy bird. Buckeyes have rich yellow skin, with mahogany feathering and black tails. They adjust to confinement well but prefer to range on grass. They are extremely friendly docile birds. A good dual-purpose producer of brown eggs is well suited for small farmyards and backyard flocks. 



    Buckeye Chickens
                                  

    Adult Birds Description: Plumage is a rich and lustrous reddish brown or mahogany, though tail contains some black. Most of the under color is bright red with slate-colored bars down their backs. Beaks are yellow with reddish horn shanks and toes are yellow.
     
    Buckeye Day Old Chickens




    Baby Chick descriptionBuff color with some dark brown speckling on heads. Beaks, legs and toes yellow.




    Origin:  United States
    Classification Type:  American
    Temperament: Great for free range, calm & docile. Do not tolerate confinement well.
    Purpose: Dual purpose eggs laying and meat production.
    Broodiness: Occasionally but make good mothers.
    Hardiness:  Very hardy can tolerate almost any climate.
    Maturing: 20-22 weeks                                  Mating ratio: 8 females to 1 male
    Egg color:   Brown                                         Egg size:  Large
    Rate Of Lay:  Good                                        Eggs per year: 200-50 

    Weight: Hen   6 ½  lbs     Rooster:    9  lbs       
                  Pullet  5 ½ lbs     Cockerel    7 lbs
     
    Spacing:  Confined at all times 10 square feet per bird. Confined at night only at least 4 square feet of space per bird
     
    Roost height:  2Ft -4FT

    Life Span: Of the Buckeye depends on how well they are cared for, and the quality of life that they enjoy. Buckeyes will generally live for approximately 6-8 years but have been known to reach 10-12 years. However, egg production will decrease every year.
     

    Other facts: Mrs. Nettie Metcalf is the only American woman to have developed an officially recognized breed (Buckeyes).
     
    We Hatch Buckeyes twice a week February thru May. 











  2.  STOPLIGHT BREED OF THE WEEK NEW HAMPSHIRE REDS


    Many people assume that the New Hampshire Red Chicken is an old-time breed. The truth of the matter is the New Hampshire Red is actually a relatively newer heritage breed. This breed was just recently in the news for being selected as the state poultry bird for the state it is named after, New Hampshire. This successful dual-purpose bird was developed around 1915 in New England using Rhode Island Reds as the breeding foundation stock. There is no record of any other outside bloodlines being introduced into the breeding program. Many generations of an intense selection from the Rhode Island red breeding stock for early growth and maturity, quick feathering, vigor, plump carcasses and production of large Brown eggs thus produced the New Hampshire Red breed. With time, the New Hampshire Red was recognized for its specialized traits, and it was admitted to the Standard of Perfection in 1935. The New Hampshire’s as they were commonly called were a significant contributor to the egg production industry. The breed’s rapid growth and early maturity were also recognized by the large broiler industry at the time. However, the New Hampshire differs from the Rhode Island Red in several respects. The color of the plumage was noticeable, being a lighter shade of red. This lighter shade was similar to some strains of the Rhode Island Reds in which poultry raisers had concentrated on egg-laying ability without regard to color. The body of the New Hampshire has been described as more triangular than that of the Rhode Island Red. The New Hampshire chicks also feather out rapidly, grows quickly, and matures early. They do tend to go broody and make good mothers. The New Hampshire is a reliable and robust cold hardy breed that adapt well to confinement or free ranging. This fine dual-purpose strain produces large brown eggs with an extra good shell texture. Medium-heavy in weight, with a yellow-skinned carcass free from dark pinfeathers which dress out a nice, plump carcass for either use as a broiler or a roaster.

    The New Hampshire is not considered a rare breed however, the American Livestock Breed Conservancy has placed this breed on their watch list.
    Adult Birds description: Compared to a Rhode Island red the body of the New Hampshire is much shorter and more compact. The coloring is primarily a chestnut red with black tail feathers. Males appear to be somewhat darker in color than the females. The combs are single with five well-defined points and are moderate in size. The comb of the male is straight and upright. The comb of a female may be lopped. The legs and feet are rich yellow tinged with reddish horn.

     
    Baby Chick description: Light buff red color with even lighter color chest and wingtips. They are much lighter than Rhode Island red and Production Red but darker than a Buff Orpington. They had single, serrated combs and yellow legs and feet. 

    Origin: United States  
    Classification Type: American 
    Temperament: Adaptable to confinement or free range, calm & docile.
    Purpose: Dual purpose eggs laying and meat production
    Broodiness: Typically make good mothers
    Hardiness:  Cold hardy
    Maturing:  20-22 weeks                                  Mating ratio: 10 females to 1 male
    Egg color:  Brown                                          Egg size:   Large
    Rate Of Lay: Great                                         Eggs per year: 280- 300

    Weight: Hen    7   lbs           Rooster:    9 1/2 lbs       
                  Pullet  5 1/2 lbs       Cockerel   7 1/2 lbs

    Spacing:  Confined at all times 10 square feet per bird. Confined at night only at least 4 square feet of space per bird  

    Roost height:  2Ft -4FT  

    Life Span: Of the New Hampshire Red will depend on how well they are cared for, and the quality of life that they enjoy. A standard New Hampshire Red chicken will generally live for approximately 6-8 years but have been known to reach 10-12 years. However, egg production will decrease each year.
     


     
    Other interesting facts: New Hampshire Reds and Rhode Island Reds were used as the foundation stock in producing the Production Red Breed.  

    We hatch New Hampshire Reds February thru May.