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Hatchery Blog
Listing all posts with label Heirtage Breeds. Show all posts.
  1. Spotlight Breed Of The Week Buff Brahmas 
    Buff Brahmas Chickens
     
    Brahmas are one of the largest breeds of chickens. These birds are mellow gentle giants with fluffy feathered legs and feet. The Buff Brahma has a buff, or golden, colored body with black feathers on the tail and neck. The Brahma will stand around 30 inches tall. It has a long, deep and wide body. It stands tall giving it a narrow ‘V’ shape when viewed from the side. The roosters weigh in around 12lb and hens around 10lb. They lay a fair amount of light brown eggs and due to their gentle nature make good mothers. Brahmas are very cold-hardy and do well in confinement as well as free-range environments.  
     
    There has been considerable controversy over the origin of the majestic Brahma Breed. It is believed that the Brahma Breed was developed around 1840 in the United States from large birds imported from China and were referred to as the "Shanghai" birds. It also appears clearly that Chittagong fowls were used to a very small degree, which stamped head and comb characteristics onto this breed differentiating it from the Shanghai birds (now known as the Cochin).The Buff Brahma became a standard variety and were recognized by the American Standard of Perfection  1924.


    The Brahmas breed is still considered rare and is in high demand.  The American Livestock Conservancy currently has the Brahma breed status listed as recovering. We only hatch Brahmas February through May and they sell out quickly so place your order early before were sold out! Click here to order now!
     Buff Brahmas chickens
     

    Adult description: Massive bodies, Pea combs, fully feathered shanks and toes. Buff Brahmas are mainly buff in color with, black-edged feathers in the neck, wings, and tail. They have heavily feathered shanks and outer toes, a pea comb and a ‘beetle brow’ where the forehead slightly overhangs the eyes.
     
     Buff braham day old chicks

    Baby chick description: Pea combs, feathers on the legs and feet. Black backs and golden heads.
    The wings tips and chest are light yellow. Their beak, legs, and toes are yellow.

        


    Classification Type: Asiatic Class
    Temperament: Friendly, pet-like demeanor adaptable to confinement or free range
    Purpose: Dual purpose eggs laying and meat production
    Broodiness: Exceptionally  make good mothers
    Hardiness:  Cold hardy
    Maturing:  20-22 weeks                              Mating ratio: 8 females to 1 male
    Egg color:  Brown                                       Egg size:   Large
    Rate Of Lay: good                                       Eggs per year: 250-275

    Weight: Hen   9.5 lbs     Rooster:   12+ lbs       
                  Pullet  
    8 lbs      Cockerel   10 lbs

    Spacing:  Confined at all times at least 10 square feet per bird. Confined at night only at least 4 square feet of space per bird.
      
    Roost height:  
    2Ft -4FT
      
    Life Span: Of the Buff Brahmas, depends on how well they are cared for, and the quality of life that they enjoy. A standard Buff Brahma will generally live for approximately 6-8 years but have been known to reach 10-12 years. However, egg production will decrease every year.
     
    Varieties:  
    DarkBlack, Buff, and White. More often the white variety is referred to as a Light Brahma chicken.
     
     
    Other facts:  
    Brahmas were first exported from the US to England in December 1852, when George Burnham sent nine "Gray Shanghaes" now known as Light Brahmas to Queen Victoria of England – making sure the gift was much publicized. Prices jumped from $12-15 per pair to $100-150.

    We hatch Buff Brahmas February thru May.






     



  2. Spotlight Breed Of The Week Silver Laced Wyandotte's 
    Silver Laced Wyandottes Chickens
    The Wyandotte breed was created by four gentlemen from the eastern United States area. They were trying to create a breed that would be a dual-purpose bird something that was seriously lacking in the 1800’s. They were first referred to as the American Seabright or the Seabright Cochin. They were later renamed after the Native America Wyandotte nation but have no direct historical association with the tribe.  There is a bit of mystery as to the true origin of the Wyandotte, but they are thought to have been developed from a Dark Brahma and a Silver Spangled Hamburg. The original Wyandotte was the Silver Laced which was first accepted into the standard of perfection in 1883. Today there are many more color varieties developed from the Silver Laced by crossing them with a variety of other breeds.

    Wyandotte’s are beautiful birds famous for their docile disposition and their ability to lay eggs in the cold weather.  They are an excellent dual-purpose bird, which can be raised to produce both eggs and meat. The hens make good mothers and will lay large brown eggs in a color range from light to medium.  They are particularly well suited for regions that have cold winters. They tolerate confinement well and they are also good foragers which makes them well suited for any free-range environments.   Wyandotte’s mature fairly quickly males will weigh in and about 8 1/2 pounds and hens about 6.1/2 pounds.  

    The Wyandotte breed graduated from the livestock Conservancy priority list in 2016 in his no longer considered endangered.
    Silver Laced Wyandottes Chickens
     
    Adult Birds description: The male and female have completely different plumage appearances. The head of the male is a silvery white with each feather having a black stripe. The web of the male’s neck feathers is a luxurious, green black with narrow lacing of silvery white. The male’s back is silvery white in appearance and the tail is black. The web of each breast feather of the male is white with a narrow, sharply defined lacing of luxurious green and black. The web of each breast feather of the male is white with a narrow, sharply defined lacing of luxurious greenish black. The web of each feather of the body, back, breast and lower thigh of the female is the same as the male’s breast feathers. The plumage of the female's head is silvery gray in the tail is black. They have rose combs that are low and firm on the head, have an oval surface covered with small rounded points, and tapered to a well-defined point that curves to conform to the shape of the skull.

    Silver laced Wyandotte Day Old Chicks
       

    Baby Chick description: The chicks are black with white streaks down the back the chest and abdomen may either be white or grey, the wing tips are white. They have rose combs, feet, and legs are yellow with some black or grey.  

    Origin:  United States                                                             
    Classification Type:  American Class
    Temperament: Adaptable to confinement or free range, calm & docile.
    Purpose: Dual purpose eggs laying and meat production
    Broodiness: Occasionally make good mothers
    Hardiness:  Cold hardy
    Maturing:  18-22 weeks                               Mating ratio: 9 females to 1 male
    Egg Color:  Brown                                       Egg size:   Medium - Large
    Rate Of Lay: Good                                       Eggs per year: 180-260

    Weight: Hen   6.1/2 lbs      Rooster:    8 1/2 lbs       
                  Pullet 5 1/2 lbs      Cockerel   7 lbs

    Spacing:  Confined at all times 10 square feet per bird. Confined at night only at least 4 square feet of space per bird.  

    Roost height:  2Ft -4FT 
     
    Life Span: Of the Silver Laced Wyandotte depends on how well they are cared for, and the quality of life that they enjoy. A standard the Silver Laced Wyandotte will generally live for approximately 6-8 years but have been known to reach 10-12 years.
     
    Varieties:   Golden laced - Blue laced red- -Barred-- Buff--Black -White-Red- Blue-Silver Penciled--Partridge- Columbian- Buff Columbian-Mille Fleur-
     
    Other facts   The Silver Laced Wyandotte is the original Wyandotte and is the parent stock for all varieties. 

    We hatch Silver Laced Wyandotte's year round

    Click here to order now!









  3.    Stoplight Breed Of The Week Speckled Sussex
     Speckled Sussex Chickens
    The Speckled Sussex chicken It's one of the oldest known breeds that originated in Sussex County, England and there's evidence that the Romans found a similar breed when they invaded England over two thousand years ago. However, the Speckled Sussex breed didn’t reach America until about 1912 and was recognized by the American Poultry Association in 1914.
     
    The Speckled Sussex bird became a famous table chicken breed because of its pleasantly pleasing flavor, pinkish white skin and their finesse at fattening up. The Speckled Sussex is considered a medium-sized bird in the heavy breeds class. The rooster will dress out between 8-10 pounds on average and hens at about 6-8 pounds. Their main coloring is a deep rich mahogany with cream color speckles and they have innumerable differences in the speckling patterns. With each yearly molt more, speckles appear so they become even more colorful the older they get.


    The Speckled Sussex Breed is one of the best backyard chickens for being adaptable. They are friendly docile birds that are heat and cold tolerant. They do well in confinement and are an exceptional bird for a free-ranging environment. This is due to their speckled coloring which makes them blend in with the background and camouflages them from predators such as coyotes and foxes. They are also great layers of tinted or light brown eggs, and they lay right through the coldest weather. These hens are very likely to set and become broody as soon as the weather warms in the spring and are excellent mothers.
    Speckled Sussex Chikens


     Adult description-Their main color is mahogany with each feather tipped with a small cream speckle and a narrow black bar divides the cream color from the remainder of their feathers. The females main tail feathers are black mottled with brown, and each feather is tipped with a cream color. The males tail feathers are luxurious greenish black and are also tipped with a cream color. Their beaks color is horn while their legs and toes are a pinkish white.
     Speckled Sussex Cicks
     
    Baby chick description- Chicks are dark brown with 2 light brown streaks lengthwise down there back and have white wing tips, chest, and abdomens. They have a single comb, beaks are a brown color and feet and legs are a pinkish white.
     
    The Speckled Sussex breed Is very popular with our customers and is always in demand. The  American Livestock Conservancy list the Speckled Sussex breed status as recovering. We only hatch this breed seasonal February through May, and we sell out quickly. So, make sure to place your order early!


    Origin: England                                                              
    Classification Type:  English Class
    Temperament: Calm and curious, adaptable to confinement or free range.
    Purpose: Dual purpose eggs and meat  
    Broodiness: Yes good mothers
    Hardiness:  Very hardy
    Maturing20- 22 weeks                                  Mating ratio: 10 females to 1 male
    Egg color:  Brown                                           Egg size:  Large
    Rate Of Lay: Good                                         Eggs per year: 180 to 240  
    Weight:     Hen    7 lbs                                        Rooster:     9 lbs       
                      Pullet  6 lbs                                        Cockerel    7 lbs
     
    Spacing:  Confined at all times 10 square feet per bird. Confined at night only at least 4 square feet of space per bird. 
     
    Roost height:  4Ft - 8FT  
    Life Span:  Of the Speckled Sussex chickens will depend on how well they are cared for, and the quality of life that they enjoy. A standard Speckled Sussex chicken will generally live for approximately 6-8 years but have been known to reach 10-12 years. However, egg production will decrease each year.

    Varieties:  Speckled, Red and Light.
      
    Other facts:  In England, another variety is recognized, the Brown (a very dark red color). Some breeders have created additional colors, such as Coronation, Buff, White, and Silver.
  4.  Spotlight Breed Of The Week Leghorns
    Brown and White Leghorn Chickens
    It’s not exactly clear the origin of the Leghorn (pronounced leg-urn) however, it appears they derived from a lightweight brown breed in Italy around the early 1800s and were known as the “Italians”. By 1850 there were two varieties the original brown version, and white. Years later in the US, they have renamed leghorns after the Tuscan port they were exported from. They immediately became popular for their prolific laying abilities, feed-to-egg ratio, and their rarity to exhibit broodiness resulting in uninterrupted egg-laying cycles that had not been seen before. Although leghorns are a leaner bird their value as egg layers earned them greater appreciation despite their small size. These beautiful birds are clever, alert and are a very active breed. They feather quickly, mature early and the pullets often begin laying at 4 months of age. Leghorns are efficient foragers and are one of the best birds for free-ranging that can avoid predators. The White Leghorn is one of the premier commercial egg-laying breeds of today and produces the majority of the world's crop of white eggs. The American Livestock Breed Conservancy have the Leghorn breed status listed as recovering and is considered a heritage sustainable breed.


    White and Brown Leghorns chickens



    Adult Birds description: Short backs, short shanks, low set bodies with graceful curves and long flowing tail feathers.  All the plumage of the White Leghorn is white. The Brown Leghorn roosters heads are orange-red, shading to golden yellow toward the shoulders, and then deep, orange-red over their backs. Their tails, wings fronts and breasts are black. Hens are more brown in color with an orangish head and neck. Leghorns have white earlobes and yellow legs.
    White Leghorn chicksBrown Leghorn Chicks

    Baby Chick description: The white variety chicks are pale yellow or creamy white. The brown variety is brown in color and have two light brown streaks down their backs. 


    Origin: Italy                                                              
    Classification Type:  Mediterranean Class
    Temperament: Flighty, noisy avoids human contact, adaptable to confinement or free range.
    Purpose: Eggs laying production
    Broodiness: Rarely
    Hardiness:  Very hardy
    Maturing: 17-20 weeks                                  Mating ratio: 12 females to 1 male
    Egg color:  White                                            Egg size:       Large to extra large
    Rate Of Lay: Excellent                                   Eggs per year: 300- 320

    Weight:     Hen    4 1/2 lbs                                  Rooster:     6 lbs       
                      Pullet  4 lbs                                        Cockerel    5 lbs
     
    Spacing:  Confined at all times 7 1/2 square feet per bird. Confined at night only at least 3 square feet of space per bird.  
    Roost height:  4Ft - 8FT  
    Life Span: Because Leghorn chickens are productive egg layers, their lifespan is less than the average bird they live to be around 4-6 years of age. However, egg production will decrease each year.
     
    Varieties:  Black, Brown, Buff, Dominique, Silver Duckwing, and White.
     
    Other facts: Most breeds that have white earlobes lay white eggs. The unique color pattern of the brown Leghorn helps to camouflage them making it harder for predators to detect them when free ranging.
                                                         









  5. STOPLIGHT BREED OF THE WEEK WHITE PLYMOUTH ROCKS
    White Plymouth Rock Chickens
    One of the most popular heritage breeds for a brown egg layer are the Plymouth Rocks and White Plymouth Rocks are the second most popular variety of that Plymouth Rock family. They originated in the United States around 1850 in the town of Plymouth, Massachusetts. Several individuals claim the invention of this breed by careful selection and breeding of a Spanish, White Cochin, Dominique, Buff Cochin, Black Java and a Brahma. The white color is the result of recessive white genes. This is a different inheritance than the dominant white color inheritance found in white breeds such as White Leghorns. The White Plymouth Rocks were accepted into the American standard of perfection in 1888. The Plymouth Rock breed became popular very rapidly, and in fact, until World War II, no breed was ever kept and bred as extensively as these birds. Its popularity came from its early laying abilities and being an outstanding dual-purpose farm chicken. They are extremely hardy docile birds that can handle cold weather as well as excellent producers of large brown eggs, and meat that was considered tasty and juicy. They seldom go broody and do well in confinement or are content to free range. The Plymouth Rock hens approximate mature weight is 7 ½ pounds and Roosters 9 ½ pounds. The Plymouth Rock was one of the foundation breeds for the broiler industry in the 1920's. The American Livestock Breed Conservancy have the Plymouth Rock breed status listed as recovering and is Considered a Heritage Sustainable Breed.
    Adult Birds description:  Long, broad bodies with well-rounded moderately deep breasts. All of the feathers of White Plymouth Rocks are white, which produces a uniformly white bird.  Their combs are red medium size, single comb evenly serrated with 5 well-defined points that is straight and upright. Their beak feet and legs are yellow.
    White Plymouth Rock Baby Chicks
     
    Baby Chick description: The chicks are mostly white with some having a smoky gray tint. They have single or serrated combs. The beaks, feet, and legs are yellow.

    Origin:  United States                                                             
    Classification Type:  American Class
    Temperament: Adaptable to confinement or free range, calm & docile.
    Purpose: Dual purpose eggs laying and meat production.
    Broodiness: Not generally but make good mothers.
    Hardiness:  Cold hardy
    Maturing:  18-20 weeks                                 Mating ratio: 10 females to 1 male
    Egg color:  Brown                                         Egg size:   Large
    Rate Of Lay: Excellent                                  Eggs per year: 280- 300

    Weight: Hen    7 1/2  lbs     Rooster:    9 1/2 lbs       
                  Pullet  6 lbs            Cockerel    8 lbs

    Spacing:  Confined at all times 10 square feet per bird. Confined at night only at least 4 square feet of space per bird.  

    Roost height:  2Ft -4FT  

    Life Span: Of the White Plymouth Rocks depends on how well they are cared for, and the quality of life that they enjoy. A standard White Plymouth Rock will generally live for approximately 6-8 years but have been known to reach 10-12 years. However, laying abilities will decrease each year.
     
    Varieties:   Barred--- Buff-- Silver-- Penciled--White--Partridge- Columbian--Blue
     
    Other facts: The most popular Plymouth Rock variety is the Barred Plymouth Rock. Growers who like a leaner meat prefer raising White Plymouth Rocks for their broiler meat.