STOPLIGHT BREED OF THE WEEK WHITE PLYMOUTH ROCKS
One of the most popular heritage breeds for a brown egg layer are the Plymouth Rocks and White Plymouth Rocks are the second most popular variety of that Plymouth Rock family. They originated in the United States around 1850 in the town of Plymouth, Massachusetts. Several individuals claim the invention of this breed by careful selection and breeding of a Spanish, White Cochin, Dominique, Buff Cochin, Black Java and a Brahma. The white color is the result of recessive white genes. This is a different inheritance than the dominant white color inheritance found in white breeds such as White Leghorns. The White Plymouth Rocks were accepted into the American standard of perfection in 1888. The Plymouth Rock breed became popular very rapidly, and in fact, until World War II, no breed was ever kept and bred as extensively as these birds. Its popularity came from its early laying abilities and being an outstanding dual-purpose farm chicken. They are extremely hardy docile birds that can handle cold weather as well as excellent producers of large brown eggs, and meat that was considered tasty and juicy. They seldom go broody and do well in confinement or are content to free range. The Plymouth Rock hens approximate mature weight is 7 ½ pounds and Roosters 9 ½ pounds. The Plymouth Rock was one of the foundation breeds for the broiler industry in the 1920's. The American Livestock Breed Conservancy have the Plymouth Rock breed status listed as recovering and is Considered a Heritage Sustainable Breed.
Adult Birds description: Long, broad bodies with well-rounded moderately deep breasts. All of the feathers of White Plymouth Rocks are white, which produces a uniformly white bird. Their combs are red medium size, single comb evenly serrated with 5 well-defined points that is straight and upright. Their beak feet and legs are yellow.
Baby Chick description: The chicks are mostly white with some having a smoky gray tint. They have single or serrated combs. The beaks, feet, and legs are yellow.
Origin: United States
Classification Type: American Class
Temperament: Adaptable to confinement or free range, calm & docile.
Purpose: Dual purpose eggs laying and meat production.
Broodiness: Not generally but make good mothers.
Hardiness: Cold hardy
Maturing: 18-20 weeks Mating ratio: 10 females to 1 male
Egg color: Brown Egg size: Large
Rate Of Lay: Excellent Eggs per year: 280- 300
Weight: Hen 7 1/2 lbs Rooster: 9 1/2 lbs
Pullet 6 lbs Cockerel 8 lbs
Spacing: Confined at all times 10 square feet per bird. Confined at night only at least 4 square feet of space per bird.
Roost height: 2Ft -4FT
Life Span: Of the White Plymouth Rocks depends on how well they are cared for, and the quality of life that they enjoy. A standard White Plymouth Rock will generally live for approximately 6-8 years but have been known to reach 10-12 years. However, laying abilities will decrease each year.
Varieties: Barred--- Buff-- Silver-- Penciled--White--Partridge- Columbian--Blue
Other facts: The most popular Plymouth Rock variety is the Barred Plymouth Rock. Growers who like a leaner meat prefer raising White Plymouth Rocks for their broiler meat.